What is a Myoma? What are The Symptoms and How is it Treated?

Table of contents

What is Myoma?

Myoma is one of the most common health problems in women. The symptoms that cause the most complaints in fibroids occur during the menstrual period.

Fibroids are the name given to the urine coming out of the muscle layer of the uterus. Fibroids in the uterus are usually benign tumors.

These tumors are 1 cm in diameter; They can develop in the cervix and uterus. They are usually in the womb. Fibroids, leiomyomas, and fibromyomas can be attributed to these fibroids located in the uterus.

Fibroids located in the female uterus are divided into 3 groups, among which:

Submucous Fibroids

It is a type of fibroid that usually develops on the inner surface of the uterus. It is the least common type among other fibroids.

Although rare, the most common bleeding complaints are seen in this fibroid.

Intramural Fibroids

These are fibroids found in a woman’s uterus. It is usually the most common type of fibroid. These fibroids also cause excessive menstrual bleeding and prolonged periods like submucosal fibroids.

In addition, women experience extreme abdominal pain. The person feels the fullness of the abdomen as a result of their growth. Growing fibroids put pressure on other organs in the abdomen.

Subserous Fibroids

These fibroids are types of fibroids that are usually located on the outer surface of the uterus. They do not cause bleeding like other types of fibroids.

Severe abdominal pain occurs only in the individual. The pain is mainly located in the back. These uterine fibroids put excessive pressure on the surrounding organs.

How Often and Who Occurs Fibroids?

Fibroids occur in one in four women. Fibroids seen at 30-40 years of age shrink after menopause. 40% of women over the age of 40 have fibroids and 75% of women with fibroids are unaware of fibroids.

What causes myoma?

The exact cause of fibroids is not known.

But some research and clinical trials point to several important factors:


Estrogen, the female hormone, accelerates their growth. Estrogen levels in the body can rise or fall depending on natural events.

For example, pregnancy causes an increase in estrogen and menopause causes a decrease. Medications also cause a change in estrogen levels.

Family History:

Fibroids may be inherited. If your mother, sister, or grandmother has it, you’re more likely to have it too.


During pregnancy, the production of the hormones estrogen and progesterone in your body increases. Fibroids can develop and grow faster while pregnant.


Black women are at greater risk of fibroids than women from other racial groups. Also, black women have fibroids at a younger age and have more or larger fibroids.

Environmental Factors:

Early menstruation, use of birth control pills, obesity, vitamin D deficiency, high consumption of red meat, low consumption of green vegetables, fruits and dairy products, and high alcohol consumption increase the risk of developing uterine fibroids.

How Fast Do Myoma Grow?

Very slow-growing fibroids usually grow quickly during pregnancy and in women taking hormone therapy containing estrogen.


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