Urinary Incontinence

Table of contents


Urinary incontinence is uncontrollable and involuntary incontinence. Its medical name is urinary incontinence.

Although it can occur at any age, it is more common in older people.

Types of Urinary Incontinence

Stress Incontinence:

It is the state of urinary incontinence in situations where the pressure in the bladder increases, such as laughing, sneezing, coughing, lifting heavy objects. It is due to nervous and muscular weakness.

Urge Urinary Incontinence:

Here the patient urinates suddenly and urinates uncontrollably. There is an uncontrolled contraction of the bladder.


Both situations exist at the same time.

What are the causes ?

  • Hereditary causes
  • Constipation
  • Intensive treatment in the womb
  • Excessive alcoholism and alcoholism
  • To be overweight
  • Hormonal changes of menopause
  • Problem births
  • Vaginal infections
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Hereditary problems
  • Age progression
  • Urine stones
  • Diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease that affect brain function
  • Uncontrolled diabetes
  • Muscle relaxant, diuretic, sedative and so on. medications
  • Prostate growth

Urinary Incontinence in Women

Urinary incontinence can occur in women who have given birth too often, after menopause or after difficult deliveries.

Sometimes it can be seen even in women who have never given birth. The hereditary nature of urinary incontinence has also been demonstrated.

Above all; they lose urine when lifting heavy loads, coughing, sneezing and intense laughter. A sagging bladder can be observed due to difficult deliveries.

How is it Diagnosed?

First, a detailed history is taken from the patient. The conditions that trigger the disease and the type and frequency of urinary incontinence are learned.

To the patient; blood sugar, urinalysis and urine culture, ultrasound and urodynamics may be requested. If another underlying cause is suspected, investigations are carried out.

How is Treatment Provided?

Treatment of urinary incontinence can be done surgically and non-surgically.

Surgical treatments:

Surgical operations are performed mainly in case of stress.

Medications :

Oral urinary incontinence can be effective, especially in urge urinary incontinence.

Getting your habits in order:

Certain factors can cause urinary incontinence (constipation, obesity, excessive alcohol consumption, etc.).

Kegel exercises:

Simple exercises to strengthen the muscles between the bladder and the urinary canal.

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