Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT)
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT) is the intermittent inhalation of 100% oxygen at pressures higher than 1 ATA to the patient who is fully pressurized in a closed pressure chamber .
(1 ATA = Atmosphere absolute = 760 mmHg). The patient receives oxygen from the environment, mask or endotracheal tube, depending on the type of pressure chamber.
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is a kind of medical, proven and scientific treatment method based on breathing 100% pure oxygen in a completely closed pressure chamber.
It was first used in the treatment of decompression sickness (decompression sickness) encountered in divers. It was later applied in the treatment of tunnel workers.
After careful observation, its wound healing effect has been noticed. After this period, it has been used in the treatment of different diseases all over the world. It has been published in many international refereed journals.
HBOT Therapy – What are The Diseases for Which This Treatment is Applied?
- Wounds on the feet of diabetics (Diabetic Foot Infections)
- Non-Healing Wounds
- Bone Inflammations (Chronic Osteomyelitis)
- Bone Death (Avascular Necrosis)
- Soft Tissue Traumas (Crush Injuries)
- Brain Abscess
- Risky Skin and Tissue Patches (Risky Grafts and Flaps)
- Sudden Hearing Loss
- Sudden Vision Loss
- Wounds Due to Vascular Occlusion
- Wounds After Radiotherapy (Radionecrosis, Osteoradionecrosis)
- Stove and Bottle Gas Poisoning (Carbon monoxide poisoning)
- Air Gas Embolism
- Soft Tissue Infections (Necrotizing Fasciitis)
Many diseases such as Multiple Sclerosis, Autism, Crohn’s disease, Scleroderma are also in the testing phase.
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is applied by breathing oxygen at high pressure in a pressure chamber, depending on the cause of the disease and the condition of the patient.
This inhaled oxygen increases the dissolved oxygen in the blood and ensures that the tissue is fed not only with blood but also with this dissolved oxygen. Since it is independent of dissolved oxygen, it can be easily used in the tissue for longer distances.
This helps to saturate even non-bleeding tissue with oxygen and heal the wound. High oxygen also dissolves edematous tissue edema and allows the tissue to reach blood and oxygen more easily.
Apart from this, it increases the body’s ability to fight microbes and makes the antibiotic used more effective on microbes by showing a better effect. It is used to reduce or even eliminate air bubbles formed in diseases such as highlighting with the applied pressure.
The body cleans the contracted air more easily. Hyperbaric oxygen is also important in separating carbon monoxide from the blood cells to which it is attached and repairing the damage caused by this poison, as in some toxic substances such as stove gas poisoning.
How HBOT Therapy Works
The effect of HBOT is based on two principles.
- Direct Effect of Pressure.
- Effect of Dissolved Oxygen
- Air bubbles in the body shrink with the direct effect of the pressure. In this way, we get rid of profiteering, air gas embolism diseases. With the effect of oxygen dissolved in the blood, the amount of oxygen in all body tissues and fluids increases approximately 15 times.
- The fight against germs increases. Cells are renewed faster and wound healing is achieved. In addition to these, there is a decrease in the existing edema. As with poisonings such as stoves and gas, harmful gases that prevent cells from breathing are removed.
- Antihypoxic Effect
- Antiedema Effect
- Antioxic Effect
- Antibacterial Effect
- Acceleration of Wound Healing